Georgia: The Epicenter of America’s Corrupted Electronic Elections

By Jennifer Cohn
June 29, 2018
Updated August 20, 2018,
New Introduction October 16, 2019


In 2002, Georgia became the first state to deploy paperless unauditable touchscreen direct record electronic (“DRE”) voting machines statewide. Although the state is in the process of replacing those machines, officials have selected controversial new touchscreen voting machines — Ballot Marking Devices (“BMDs”) intended for use by all voters — as a primary voting system rather than unhackable hand marked paper ballots. Experts warn that, unlike hand marked paper ballots, the new machines cannot provide the basis for meaningful manual audits.

The special election in Georgia’s 6th district.


At first, it was easy to brush aside complaints by small but noisy groups that e-voting invited vote-stealing.

But now people with gold-plated academic pedigrees agree.

Avi Rubin, professor of computer science at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, says devices like Diebold’s can be rigged — without detection.

“There are major flaws in the security design of the software,” said David Dill, a computer scientist at Stanford University in Southern California.

In June, The Brennan Center for Justice, a non- partisan New York think tank, said systems like Georgia’s “pose a real danger to the integrity of … state … elections.”

This was the year that a team of computer security researchers published a report finding that “touchscreen voting machines made by the notably litigious vendor Diebold were vulnerable to ‘extremely serious attacks.’ The researchers were so afraid of being sued by Diebold … that they broke with longstanding practice and didn’t tell the company about their findings before publishing.”


A united conservative movement to assure, by 2020, policy leadership and governance that restores religious and economic freedom, a strong national defense, and Judeo-Christian values under the Constitution.

Like Diebold, ES&S has had its share of publicity. In 1996, Republican Chuck Hagel, a first-time candidate, ran for the U.S. senate in Nebraska and managed to defeat the Democratic incumbent by 15 points, even though pre-election polls had called the race a dead heat.

  • “software files for the state’s ExpressPoll pollbooks — electronic devices used … to verify that a voter is registered before allowing them to cast a ballot.”
  • “multiple PDFs with instructions and passwords for election workers to sign in to a central server on Election Day.”
  • “software files for the state’s ExpressPoll pollbooks — electronic devices used … to verify that a voter is registered before allowing them to cast a ballot.”
  • databases for the so-called GEMS [Global Election Management System] servers,” which “are used to prepare paper and electronic ballots, tabulate votes and produce summaries of vote totals.”

Personally, I had gone thru the exercise of voting … and then going back & trying to verify my selections, & my memory was not good enough to tell whether any contests had been omitted from the summary ballot, nor from the brief descriptions….. or the abbreviated names of the contests, to recall how I intended to vote when I went in and looked at the summary ballot.”

The ExpressVote also must be used in conjunction with ES&S’s popular DS200 scanners, which were “upgraded” in 2015 to include cellular modems. According to Computer Science Professor Andrew Appel, these cellular modems make the DS200 scanners vulnerable to a “Man in the Middle” hack via a fake cell tower.

Update 8/20/18

On August 7, 2018, the plaintiffs in the Georgia paper ballot suit filed a motion for preliminary injunction seeking to enjoin the use of the paperless touchscreen machines in the November midterm elections. The defendants have already filed their responses, and the final replies are due today, August 20, 2018. The court is expected to reach a decision soon.

Update 7/5/18

Here is some additional intriguing information: In April 2016, Russian ambassador Kislyak visited Kennesaw University, which housed the Georgia Election Center. This information was discovered by Michelle Avery Weston.


Background: Jennifer Cohn is an attorney and election integrity advocate in the San Francisco Bay Area who graduated from UCLA and Hastings College of the Law. As an attorney, her areas of practice included insurance coverage and appellate law. She practiced law for more than twenty years, including seven years as a partner with Nielsen Haley & Abbott, LLP in Marin County, California. Since 2016, she has devoted her professional efforts full time toward investigating our insecure election system and potential solutions. She can be contacted through her Twitter account, @jennycohn1.

Attorney and Election Integrity Advocate #ProtectOurVotes #PaperBallotsNow @jennycohn1

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